The state of Uttar Pradesh is one of the oldest states of India as it has its roots in the British Period. The state of Uttar Pradesh is located along the northern part of India and has the fertile Gangetic plains running all through it. The state has its capital in the city of Lucknow, which is itself extremely rich in culture and heritage. The state of Uttar Pradesh has a huge and glorious history as it is a witness to all the glories that have come to India. The state of Uttar Pradesh covers a land area of approximately 243,286 sq km making it the fourth largest state of India. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state with a population of approximately about 199,581,477 individuals.